Abstract Dysregulation of signalling pathways by changes of gene expression contributes to hallmarks of cancer. The ubiquitously expressed chaperone protein AAG8 (aging-associated gene 8 protein, encoded by the SIGMAR1 gene) is often found to be overexpressed in various cancers. AAG8 is involved in ER (endoplasmic reticulum)-associated degradation and has been intensively elaborated in neuroscience. However, its rationale in carcinogenesis has rarely been noticed. In this study, we explored the intrinsic oncogenetic roles of AAG8 in cancer cells and found that AAG8 promoted carcinogenesis both in vitro and in vivo. We further characterized AAG8, for the first time to our knowledge, as a STAT3 activator and elucidated that it alternatively activated STAT3 in addition to IL6/JAK pathway. Based on these findings and a drug screening study, we demonstrated that combined inhibition of AAG8 and IL6/JAK signalling synergistically limits cancer cell growth. Taken together, our findings shed light on the fundamental evidences for identification of AAG8 as an oncoprotein and potential target for cancer prevention, as well as highlight the importance of ER proteins in contributing to JAK/STAT signaling and carcinogenesis.