Abstract Herein we report the effect of pH on the surface charge of a new class of liposomes: arsonoliposomes. Plain or mixed arsonoliposomes with cholesterol (Chol) and distearoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DSPC) in 1:1 molar ratio were prepared with lauryl-(C12), myristoyl-(C14) and palmitoyl-(C16) acyl side chain arsonolipids. The one step hydration method was used for vesicle preparation and zeta potential measurements were performed in the pH range from 3 to 9. The results revealed that these lipids hold a negative surface charge at all pH values investigated. The presence of cholesterol in 1:1 molar ratio results in higher zeta potential compared with plain arsonoliposomes with the exception of palmitoyl-(C16) acyl chain arsonolipids in neutral and slightly basic pH values. Oppositely, the DSPC (1:1 molar ratio) containing arsonoliposomes had lower values of zeta potential compared with plain arsonoliposomes. Concluding, the experimental results reveal that zeta potential of arsonoliposomes is indeed modified when the vesicles are incubated in environments with different acidity. In most cases these changes are in accordance with the ionization pattern of the arsonolipid headgroup, while some peculiar deviations may be connected with the known difference in the structure between some of the vesicle types studied.