PhyloTrac is an integrated desktop application for analysis of PhyloChip microarray data. PhyloTrac combined with PhyloChip provides turnkey and comprehensive identification and analysis of bacterial and archaeal communities in complex environmental samples. PhyloTrac is free for noncommercial organizations and is available for all major operating systems at http://www.phylotrac.org/. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.