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Sunscreening agent intolerance: Contact and photocontact sensitization and contact urticaria

Authors
Journal
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
0190-9622
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
22
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0190-9622(90)70154-a
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Reports in the literature of sensitization associated with many commonly used sunscreening agents including p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), PABA derivatives, anthranilates, salicylates, cinnamates, benzophenones, and dibenzoylmethane derivatives are reviewed. Several of these case reports involved subjects with various photodermatoses, implicating enhanced sensitivity of the patient's skin to both light and chemicals. Despite the widespread use of sunscreens, the small number of published reports of contact and photocontact sensitization to these agents suggests that either such sensitization is less than commonly perceived or is underre-ported. Establishment of a registry for reporting adverse effects associated with sunscreening agents would help to characterize the incidence of sensitization.

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