Abstract We previously reported an induction of 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase type I mRNA (15-PGDH) expression accompanied by a decrease in prostaglandin E2(PGE2) levels during cord blood monocytes differentiation into preosteoclastic cells by 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25 (OH)2D3). These results suggested a role of prostaglandin (PG) enzymes in adhesion and/or differentiation of monocytes. In the present work, we studied modulation of gene expression of PG metabolism enzymes mRNAs in HL60 cells differentiated by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) into the monocyte/macrophage lineage. We showed that adhesion of HL60 induced by PMA causes an increase of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX 2) and 15-PGDH mRNAs. When adding indomethacin, a non steroidal antiinflammatory drug known to inhibit COX activity, the cells remained attached and expressed large amounts of 15-PGDH mRNA while COX 2 mRNA expression remained unchanged. Indomethacin, in association with PMA can consequently exert a dual control on key enzymes of PGE2metabolism without modifying adhesion of the cells.