Affordable Access

Vitamin A supplementation awareness among mothers of children under five years old at Mbagathi District Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Authors
Publisher
East African Public Health Association
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Mbagathi
  • Vitamin A Supplementation
  • Vitamin A Deficiency
  • Awareness And Mothers
Disciplines
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine

Abstract

Background: Vitamin A deficiency is one of the leading micro-nutrient deficiencies of public health importance in Kenya. Provision of vitamin A supplements every six months is an inexpensive, safe, quick and effective way to improve vitamin A status and save children's lives.Objectives: To determine vitamin A supplementation awareness, attitudes and beliefs among mothers of children under five years old attending Mbagathi District Hospital.Methods:Design: Cross sectional study.Setting: Mbagathi District Hospital (MDH) Maternal and Child Health Clinic (MCH) and Paediatric Out Patient Department (POPD).Participants: Mothers attending MDH MCH and POPD.Data collection: Both quantitative and qualitative data using questionnaires, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions.Sampling: A systematic random sampling where every alternate client was recruited and questionnaires administered to make 158 respondents. Key informants were purposively chosen for in-depth interviews and focus group discussions.Results: Ninety four percent of the respondents reported having heard about vitamin A, major source of information being the health worker (82%). While 58% of the respondents were aware that the recommended schedule for VAS for children is every 6 months, almost half (49%) of respondents were aware vitamin A was given to mothers. Most of the respondents were positive and supportive of VAS. There were no negative beliefs or attitudes mentioned. However, majority (66%) had never discussed about Vitamin A with other mothers / people. Only 18% of the respondents believed VAD was associated with eye problems/blindness. Most mothers did not believe there was a specific consequence of VAD. Majority (64%) of the respondents did not believe there were any possible hindrances to taking their children for VAS.Conclusion: Mothers were positive and supportive of VAS, major source of information being the health worker but there was lack of information and awareness among both health workers and mothers.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.