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Pasteurellosis as a cause of genital lesions in rams. A descriptive study

Authors
Journal
Small Ruminant Research
0921-4488
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
87
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2009.10.010
Keywords
  • Pasteurella
  • Genital Infections
  • Genital Lesions
  • Epididymitis
  • Ram
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Pasteurellosis is one of the most prevalent diseases of sheep, but the involvement of Pasteurellae in genital pathology of rams has been described rarely. One hundred and eighty-four rams showing palpable lesions in testes, epididymides or scrotum were submitted to bacteriological studies, and seven mature rams found infected with bacterial species belonging to the Pasteurella cluster (i.e., Mannheimia, Pasteurella and Bibersteinia ( M/ P/ B)). The M/ P/ B cultures obtained were pure and/or heavy, and were confirmed after necropsy in the five M/ P/ B infected rams that could be slaughtered for further pathological examinations. Pasteurella multocida infected rams exhibited fibrinous exudate and generalized adhesions between the vaginal and the external scrotal layers. Testicular atrophy and epididymal sperm granulomas were also evident in these rams. Microscopically, epithelial hyperplasia with intraepithelial cysts, fibrosis and spermatic granulomas were present in the epididymis, while testis showed sperm stasis foci, microcalcifications and fibrosis. Mannheimia haemolytica infected rams showed severe unilateral epididymitis and testicular atrophy, being microscopically similar to the lesions found in P. multocida infected rams. The ram found infected with B. threalosi had severe unilateral lesions in testis, epididymis and scrotum. Microscopically, abscesses in epididymis and testis, and severe fibrosis and interstitial round cells infiltrates in testis were observed. Further studies should be conducted to determine properly the role played by the Pasteurella cluster in the pathogenesis of genital lesions in rams.

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