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Investigation of site selectivity of the stereoselective deprotonation of cyclohexene oxide using kinetic resolution of isotopic enantiomers in natural abundance

Authors
Journal
Tetrahedron Asymmetry
0957-4166
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
16
Issue
15
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.tetasy.2005.06.029

Abstract

Abstract Stereoselective deprotonation of epoxides with lithium amides can occur by abstraction of protons from more than one site. The site selectivity of the deprotonation of cyclohexene oxide by several chiral and achiral lithium amides has been investigated. 2H NMR has been used to measure the relative abundances of the isotopomers of the epoxide containing one deuterium. An isotopic stereoisomer, with deuterium in the site undergoing abstraction, reacts slower than its enantiomer and other isotopomers having protium in the same site due to a kinetic isotope effect. This results in a kinetic resolution yielding a relative excess of the less reactive isotopic stereoisomer. Thus, the relative abundance of such an enantiomer increases when compared with those having protium at the site in question as the reaction proceeds. It can be concluded that deprotonation of cyclohexene oxide using some chiral- and non-chiral lithium amides occurs by β syn -deprotonation.

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