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Assessing the effects of race and class on juvenile justice processing in Ohio

Authors
Journal
Journal of Criminal Justice
0047-2352
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
25
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0047-2352(97)00012-3

Abstract

Abstract The purpose of this study is (1) to test a general conflict model, which predicts a systematic processing bias against socially disadvantaged youths in the juvenile justice system; and (2) to test a specific hypothesis derived from the conflict model, which regards differential treatment as a reflection of the actual threat posed by minorities and the poor in the community. A total of 2,334 court cases were systematically sampled from seventeen counties in Ohio. Research findings revealed differential treatment of minority youths at the detention stage only and suggested that the nature of the threat posed by minorities and the underclass is more symbolic than objective at the community level.

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