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Risk of serious haematological toxicity with use of chloramphenicol eye drops in a British general practice database

Authors
Publisher
British Medical Journal
Publication Date
Source
PMC
Keywords
  • Papers
Disciplines
  • Medicine
  • Political Science

Abstract

Fact Sheet_ Antibacterials.pub For Consumers A Quick Reference Sheet from the Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics Antibacterials in household products What exactly is an antibacterial? How is it different from an antibiotic? How do antibacterials work? ♦ Antibacterials may be divided into two groups: some attack a special, important piece of a germ, and destroy it that way, while others destroy multiple cell components at once. ♦ The first group contains those that act rapidly to destroy bacteria, but quickly disappear (by evaporation or breakdown) and leave no active residue behind (referred to as non-residue-producing). Examples of this type are the alcohols, chlorine (bleach), peroxides, and aldehydes. ♦ The second group consists mostly of newer compounds that leave long-acting residues on the surface to be disinfected and thus have a prolonged action (referred to as residue-producing). Common examples of this group are triclosan, triclocarban, and benzalkonium chloride. In its broadest definition, an antibacterial is an agent that interferes with the growth and reproduction of bacteria. While antibiotics and antibacterials both attack bacteria, these terms have evolved over the years to mean two different things. Antibacterials are now most commonly described as agents used to disinfect surfaces and eliminate potentially harmful bacteria. Unlike antibiotics, they are not used as medicines for humans or animals, but are found in products such as soaps, detergents, health and skincare products and household cleaners. Did you know that over 1000 commercial products contain triclosan or other biocide agents? Established in 1981, the Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics (APUA) is an international non-governmental organization dedicated to preserving the effectiveness of antibiotics and other antimicrobials. Studies comparing families who used antibacterial soap to families

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