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On hydrogen transport in the first wall material of fusion devices in the presence of a broadband distribution of traps over the trapping energy

Authors
Journal
Physics Letters A
0375-9601
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
378
Issue
21
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.physleta.2014.04.002
Keywords
  • Plasma And Fluid Physics

Abstract

Abstract The dynamics of hydrogen dissolved in a sample with continuous distribution of traps over trapping energy φ(ε)∝exp(−αε) (ε=E/T is the ratio of trapping energy E to the sample's temperature T) is considered. Assuming that the hydrogen density is smaller than the trap density and the most of hydrogen is trapped, we found that the dynamics of hydrogen transport can be described by either sub-diffusion or non-linear diffusion equations. Analysis of the outgassing of the sample homogeneously loaded with hydrogen gives, in the most important cases, both power-law, ΓH∝t−p (p≥1/2) and exponential, ln(ΓH)∝−tα, time dependencies of the outgassing flux, ΓH(t).

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