Abstract The anti-cancer cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors are poorly soluble drugs. The aims of this work were (i) to formulate a novel CDK inhibitor, JNJ-7706621, in polymeric micelles and nanoparticles, (ii) to compare passive and active targeting on tumor growth and (iii) to evaluate the potential synergy of JNJ-7706621 with Paclitaxel. Therefore, JNJ-7706621 was encapsulated in self-assembling diblock copolymers made up of ɛ-caprolactone (CL) and trimethylene carbonate (TMC) (PEG-p-(CL- co-TMC)) polymeric micelles and in (poly(lactide-co-glycolide)) (PLGA)-based PEGylated nanoparticles (passive targeting) as well as in RGD-grafted nanoparticles (active targeting). In vivo, the transplantable liver tumor growth was more decreased by active targeting with RGD-grafted nanoparticles than by passive targeting with micelles or ungrafted nanoparticles. Moreover, a synergy between JNJ-7706621 and Paclitaxel was demonstrated. Therefore, active targeting of JNJ-7706621-loaded nanocarriers may be considered as an effective anti-cancer drug delivery system for cancer chemotherapy, particularly in combination with Paclitaxel.