Abstract Among fission products (FP) discharged from a fission reactor, long-lived fission products are considered as of primary concern. Their transmutation has been of high priority to reduce the long-term consequences of nuclear energy generation. A self-consistent nuclear energy system (SCNES) in which we center fast breeder reactor may not have enough degree of excess neutron sources to transmute the fission products that potentially would poses environmental hazards in long-term period if they are buried in geologic disposal. Here we propose a so-called multi-component SCNES in which fission reactor systems can be combined with fusion reactor systems mainly for compensating the loss of enough capability for the transmutation. Amongst long-lived fission products, major concern has been paid for iodine and technetium and little attention was given to radioactive 93Zr, although its hazard appears to be rather substantial. The importance of 93Zr transmutation is emphasized and the transmutation capability was examined with fusion neutron sources by incorporating adequate moderation structures. As a result, we have demonstrated that the fusion neutron sources with high-flux blanket can be applied to transmute 93Zr sufficiently and resolve the problem of its accumulation within the time period of several decades.