This paper aims to prove that trans-racial adoption can provide a viable and positive alternative to prolonged stays in institutional care for children and young people. This title has been chosen in response to the fact that a black, or minority ethnic child will spend on average up to a year longer than a white child waiting within the care system for a family. "Every Child Matters…Or Do They", essentially asks the question does a white child matter more than a black child, and seeks to analyse local and national policy in relation to this matter. Chapter two of this paper looks at the methodologies used and the reason why I opted to do a literature review. Chapter three of this paper takes an auto-ethnographic focus in the form of a personal narrative and the reasons why this particular topic was of particular importance to me. As I have had two sisters adopted trans-racially from another country when I was younger, the idea of race being a barrier to adoption has always remained a passionate subject for me. Chapters four and five examine the history of trans-racial adoption within the United Kingdom and indeed other countries, whilst also examining the importance of issues such as culture, ethnicity and identity to the trans-racial adoption debate. Chapters six and seven examine the arguments that have been put forward both in support of and in opposition to the practice of placing a child for adoption with a family of different race and ethnicity. Chapter eight highlights the main findings and conclusions of my research.