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Identification of a Critical Aspartate Residue in Transmembrane Domain Three Necessary for the Binding of Somatostatin to the Somatostatin Receptor SSTR2

Authors
Journal
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
0006-291X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
216
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1006/bbrc.1995.2708

Abstract

Abstract To determine which residues within the rat somatostatin receptor subtype SSTR2 may be interacting with the lys 9 of somatostatin-14 (S-14), mutant SSTR2 receptors were created by mutating asp 89 or asp 122. [ 125I Tyr 11]S-14 binding to D89A and D89E mutants suggests that asp 89 is not directly involved in S-14 binding. Binding studies with the charge switch mutants, asp 9S-14 and D122K, suggest that asp 122 may be interacting with the lys 9 of S-14. [ 125I Tyr 11]asp 9S-14 displayed saturable binding to D122K with an affinity comparable to that seen with [ 125I Tyr 11]S-14 and WT SSTR2. These data suggest that the interaction between lys 9 of S-14 and the TM3 asp 122 of SSTR2 represents one contact site between S-14 and SSTR2.

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