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Estimation of atmospheric gaseous absorption using surface and radiosonde meteorological measurements.

  • Engineering
  • Electronics And Electrical.
  • Physics
  • Atmospheric Science.
  • Communication
  • Computer Science


For radiowave propagation on earth-space communication links at high frequencies such as Ka-band, the effect of atmospheric gaseous absorption (mainly due to oxygen and water vapor) is the primary cause of attenuation. This thesis examines the applicability of the surface based Crane's model currently employed by the Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS) propagation experiment for estimation of attenuation due to atmospheric gaseous absorption (AGA), developed for Oklahoma, to sub-tropical climate regions such as Florida. The Microwave Propagation Model is used as a basis of comparison since it uses the direct atmospheric measurements (temperature, relative humidity, and pressure) made at different levels of the atmosphere with radiosonde instrumentation. The AGA was individually examined for oxygen and water vapor. Finally, accuracy of the Crane's model was verified by computing the attenuation results using real acquired data for both models and comparing their results in various ways for several months.

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