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La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 / Mn3O4 composites: does an insulating secondary phase always enhance the low field magnetoresistance of manganites?

Publication Date
  • Magnetoresistance
  • Manganites
  • Composites
  • Physical
  • Chemical
  • Mathematical & Earth Sciences :: Chemistry [G01]
  • Physique
  • Chimie
  • Mathématiques & Sciences De La Terre :: Chimie [G01]
  • Physical
  • Chemical
  • Mathematical & Earth Sciences :: Physics [G04]
  • Physique
  • Chimie
  • Mathématiques & Sciences De La Terre :: Physique [G04]


Composites of magnetoresistive La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 (LCMO) with insulating Mn3O4 are useful as a model system because no foreign cation is introduced in the LCMO phase by interdiffusion during the heat treatment. Here we report the magnetotransport properties as a function of sintering temperature Tsinter for a fixed LCMO/Mn3O4 ratio. Decreasing Tsinter from 1250°C to 800°C causes an increase in low field magnetoresistance (LFMR) that correlates with the decrease in crystallite size (CS) of the LCMO phase. When plotting LFMR at (77 K, 0.5 T) vs. 1/CS, we find that the data for the LCMO/Mn3O4 composites sintered between 800°C and 1250°C follow the same trend line as data from the literature for pure LCMO samples with crystallite size > ~25 nm. This differs from the LFMR enhancement observed by many authors in the "usual" manganite composites, i.e., composites where the insulating phase contains cations other than La, Ca or Mn. This difference suggests that diffusion of foreign cations into the grain boundary region is a necessary ingredient for the enhanced LFMR.

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