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Linkage and association studies of the natural resistance associated macrophage protein 1 (NRAMP1) locus in rheumatoid arthritis

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  • Academic Journal Papers
  • Original Articles
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  • Biology
  • Mathematics

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is any evidence of linkage between the natural resistance associated macrophage protein gene, NRAMP1, and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Two dinucleotide markers, D2S1471, a highly polymorphic marker within 160 kb of NRAMP1, and a less polymorphic marker in the promoter region of NRAMP1, have been analyzed in 115 affected sib-pair RA families (35 with 2 parents, 18 with one parent) from the Arthritis and Rheumatism Council (ARC) National Repository and an additional 85 probands from the ARC National Twin Study and 96 controls. Individuals were typed for both markers by fluorescence based semiautomated polymerase chain reaction analysis. RESULTS: No evidence of increased allele sharing in affected sib-pairs was obtained using identity by descent (IBD), identity by state, and maximum likelihood score (MLS) analysis for the whole data set. A significant increase in allele sharing was observed with marker D2S1471 (LOD 0.74; p 0.05) in the HLA discordant subgroup using IBD and MLS- IBD. No significant differences in allele frequencies were observed for any markers in the association study. CONCLUSION: In a subset of sib- pairs that shared one or zero HLA haplotypes, LOD scores suggestive of linkage were observed. This suggests a role for NRAMP1 polymorphism in a subset of patients who do not possess HLA susceptibility alleles

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