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Molecular reorientation dynamics and microscopic friction in liquids

Authors
Journal
Chemical Physics
0301-0104
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
180
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0301-0104(93)e0421-q

Abstract

Abstract Molecular rotation reorientation times are investigated using time resolved fluorescence depolarization studies of three solutes of similar size and shape (nile red, neutral nile blue and cationic nile blue) dissolved in alcohol and alkane solvents as well as an extensive compilation of previous results for neautral and charged solutes dissolved in non-polar, polar and associated solvents. A universal correlation is foung between reorientation time, solvent viscosity, and solute volume for solutes dissolved in alkanes, while strongly interacting solutes experience relatively enhanced friction, and non-polar solutes dissolved in alcohols experience reduced friction. The results are compared and contrasted with slip and stick hydrodynamic predictions, and used to develop empirical correlations, which can be used to predict molecular reorientation times with an uncetainty on the order of a factor of two in virtually any solute-solvent system.

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