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Clinical review: Acid–base abnormalities in the intensive care unit – part II

Authors
Journal
Critical Care
1364-8535
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Volume
9
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/cc2912
Keywords
  • Review
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Acid–base abnormalities are common in the critically ill. The traditional classification of acid–base abnormalities and a modern physico-chemical method of categorizing them will be explored. Specific disorders relating to mortality prediction in the intensive care unit are examined in detail. Lactic acidosis, base excess, and a strong ion gap are highlighted as markers for increased risk of death.

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