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Pathological fracture of tibia in patient with corticosteroid-dependent psoriasis treated by functional bracing.

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PMC
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  • Research Article
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  • Education
  • Medicine

Abstract

.org Page ( 1 ) AAOS does not endorse any treatments, procedures, products, or physicians referenced herein. This information is provided as an educational service and is not intended to serve as medical advice. Anyone seeking specifi c orthopaedic advice or assistance should consult his or her orthopaedic surgeon, or locate one in your area through the AAOS “Find an Orthopaedist” program on OrthoInfo.org. Copyright ©1995-2013 by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Tibia (Shinbone) Sha� Fractures The tibia, or shinbone, is the most common fractured long bone in your body. The long bones include the femur, humerus, tibia, and fi bula. A tibial sha� fracture occurs along the length of the bone, below the knee and above the ankle. Because it typically takes a major force to break a long bone, other injuries o� en occur with these types of fractures. Anatomy The lower leg is made up of two bones: the tibia and fi bula. The tibia is the larger of the two bones. It supports most of your weight and is an important part of both the knee joint and ankle joint. Types of Tibial Sha� Fractures The tibia can break in several ways. The severity of the fracture usually depends on the amount of force that caused the break. The fi bula is o� en broken as well. Common types of tibial fractures include: Stable fracture: This type of fracture is barely out of place. The broken ends of the bones basically line up correctly and are aligned. In a stable fracture, the bones usually stay in place during healing. Displaced fracture: When a bone breaks and is displaced, the broken ends are separated and do not line up. These types of fractures o� en require surgery to put the pieces back together. Transverse fracture: This type of fracture has a horizontal fracture line. This fracture can be unstable, especially if the fi bula is also broken. Oblique fracture: This type of fracture has an angled pattern and is typically unstable. If an oblique fracture is initiall

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