Affordable Access

The 21-Gene Recurrence Score in Clinically High-Risk Lobular and Ductal Breast Cancer: A National Cancer Database Study.

Authors
  • Abel, Mary Kathryn
  • Shui, Amy M
  • Chien, A Jo
  • Rugo, Hope S
  • Melisko, Michelle
  • Baehner, Frederick
  • Mukhtar, Rita A
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2022
Source
eScholarship - University of California
Keywords
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to evaluate whether patients with invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) are more likely to have discordant clinical and genomic risk than those with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) when using the 21-gene recurrence score (RS), and to assess overall survival outcomes of patients with 1-3 positive nodes and RS ≤25 with and without chemotherapy, stratified by histology.MethodsWe performed a cohort study using the National Cancer Database and included patients with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative, stage I-III invasive breast cancer who underwent 21-gene RS testing. Our primary outcome was rate of discordant clinical and genomic risk status by histologic subtype. Propensity score matching was used to compare 60-month overall survival in individuals with 1-3 positive nodes and RS ≤25 who did and did not receive chemotherapy.ResultsOverall, 186,867 patients were included in our analysis, including 37,685 (20.2%) patients with ILC. There was a significantly higher rate of discordant clinical and genomic risk in patients with ILC compared with IDC. Among patients with 1-3 positive nodes and RS ≤25, there was no significant difference in survival between those who did and did not receive chemotherapy in the IDC or ILC cohorts. Unadjusted exploratory analyses of patients under age 50 years with 1-3 positive nodes and RS ≤25 showed improved overall survival in IDC patients who received chemotherapy, but not among those with ILC.ConclusionOur findings highlight the importance of lobular-specific tools for stratifying clinical and genomic risk, as well as the need for histologic subtype-specific analyses in randomized trials.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times