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ORDER, LEGITIMACY, AND CHARISMA: DO WEBER’S CONCEPTS STILL APPLY?

Authors
Publisher
Croatian Sociological Association and Jesenski & Turk Publishing House
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Weber
  • Sociološka Teorija
  • Poredak
  • Legitimnost
  • Karizma
  • Weber
  • Sociological Theory
  • Order
  • Legitimacy
  • Charisma
Disciplines
  • Communication
  • Political Science
  • Religious Science

Abstract

The article brings a review of Weber’s considerations about order, legitimacy and charisma. The first part of the article deals with the sociological concept of order, difference between Marxist and functionalist perspectives, and some theoretical resolutions (Alexander, Wrong, Elster, Shils). The second part deals with Weber’s concept of legitimate order. It is argued that this concept is wider than is usually used in political theory. Weber’s concept of legitimate (social) order must not be blurred with legitimate political order, or types of legitimate authority. The article points to the Weber’s probabilistic conception in dealing with orientations, motives, and reasons granting the legitimate order its validity. The third part deals with Weber’s concept of legitimacy. Two contemporary interpreters are contrasted: Habermas and Luhmann. The first founded on the theory of communicative action, the second on the system theory. Luhmann’s ideas seem to fit better the complicated (and complex) situation of modern societies. Legitimation seems to be a systemic and no pscychologic phenomenon. The fourth part deals with charisma – a phenomenon easily put into the historical sociology of religion, but being a bit problematic in the contemporary sociology of politics and domination.

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