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To what extent will the banking industry be globalized? A study of bank nationality and reach in 20 European nations

Authors
Journal
Journal of Banking & Finance
0378-4266
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
27
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0378-4266(02)00386-2
Keywords
  • Bank
  • Globalization
  • Europe
  • Mergers

Abstract

Abstract We model two dimensions of bank globalization – bank nationality (a bank from the firm’s host nation, its home nation, or a third nation) and bank reach (a global, regional, or local bank) using a two-stage nested multinomial logit model. Our data set includes over 2000 foreign affiliates of multinational corporations operating in 20 European nations and over 250 banks that serve them. We find that these firms frequently use host nation banks for cash management services, and that bank reach may be strongly influenced by this choice of bank nationality. Our results suggest limits to the degree of future bank globalization.

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