Since December 1999 junior doctors in Zambia have been on strike, demanding from the government better working conditions, better pay, and improvements in hospital services. However, on June 20, 2000, around 200 junior doctors were dismissed by the Zambian government, who asserts that the action was taken in the public¿s interest. Nevertheless, the doctors argue that the move came at a time when the country is struggling with a critical shortage of doctors and with an HIV/AIDS crisis. In addition, health policy experts say that the dismissal could further undermine the alarming conditions of Zambia's health care system. It is noted that there are only 800 doctors registered with the Zambian Medical Council, but WHO estimates that the country needs 1500 clinicians. To meet such a shortage, the government has hired Cuban and Chinese doctors. They are paid more and given more benefits than the Zambian doctors, generating complaints from the president of the junior doctors' representative body.