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Mono-Symptomatic Nocturnal Enuresis in Lebanese Children: Prevalence, Relation with Obesity, and Psychological Effect

Authors
Publisher
Libertas Academica
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Clinical Medicine Insights: Pediatrics
  • Volume: 2014
  • Issue: 8
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

5CliniCal MediCine insights: PediatriCs 2014:8 Open Access: Full open access to this and thousands of other papers at http://www.la-press.com. Clinical Medicine Insights: Pediatrics Introduction Nocturnal enuresis is included as a disease in ICD-10 under the code of F98.0. It is involuntary urination while sleeping after a certain age, usually five years, when children should have established bladder control. The prevalence has been found to be up to 20% in five year old children,1 this number decreases as children become older, and it is considered the most common urological childhood complication.2 Previous studies were conducted on children between 6 and 12 years of age, and showed a prevalence of 0.2–9.0% Bassem abu Merhi, ahmad hammoud, Fouad Ziade, raymond Kamel and Mariam rajab Makassed General Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Beirut, Lebanon. AbstrAct IntroductIon: Nocturnal enuresis is involuntary urination while sleeping after a certain age, usually five years, when children should have established bladder control. The prevalence has been found to be up to 20% in five year old children, and it is considered the most common urological childhood complication. MAterIAl And Methods: This study was conducted on Makassed School children aged 5–18 years. This was a two-step study, the first step was a questionnaire distributed to the children to be answered by their parents. The second step included individually meeting with every child who met the inclusion criteria and his/her parents and physically examining the child. results: 11,440 questionnaires were distributed to school children aged 5–18 years, to be answered by their parents. Of the 7270 parents who responded back, 6620 reported no enuresis, 90 (1.25%) reported only diurnal enuresis, 107 (1.5%) reported diurnal and nocturnal enuresis, and 453 parents reported their child having nocturnal enuresis only. The data collected was analyzed according to age, sex, area, body mass index (BMI), and the P

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