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Orthodontics in 3 millennia. Chapter 3: The professionalization of orthodontics

Authors
Journal
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
0889-5406
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
127
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2005.04.001
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

In the 1930s, creative thinkers in orthodontics began to more openly question the status quo. Apprenticeships had given way to formal instruction, and proprietary schools bowed to graduate university programs, including some taught or headed by women. The MD degree was gradually replaced by the MS as the focus of orthodontics zoomed out from teeth to the total patient. Angle’s dogmatic stance against extraction was challenged successfully by his last disciple, Tweed, and another of Angle’s pupils, Broadbent, developed that century’s most important diagnostic aid, the cephalometer, which opened the door to Brodie’s landmark growth studies and Downs’s cephalometric analysis. Dentistry’s first specialty organization, the Society of Orthodontists, was formed in 1900, and the first specialty journals appeared.

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