Abstract Cytochrome P-450 from liver microsomes of phenobarbital-treated rabbits catalyzed anaerobic dehalogenation of halothane (2-bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane) when combined with NADPH and NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase. Cytochromes P-450B 1 and P-448 from liver microsomes of untreated rabbits were less active. Triton X-100 accelerated the reaction. Unlike anaerobic dehalogenation of halothane in microsomes, the major product was 2-chloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane and 2-chloro-1,1-difluoroethylene was negligible. These products were not detected under aerobic conditions, and dehalogenation activity was inhibited by carbon monoxide, phenyl isocyanide and metyrapone.