Affordable Access

Publisher Website

What do we know of the long-term change of the Earth’s ionosphere?

Advances in Space Research
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2007.01.078
  • Ionosphere
  • Long-Term Change
  • Solar And Geomagnetic Activities
  • Greenhouse Gases
  • Ionospheric Sounding
  • Earth Science


Abstract In this paper, long-term change of the Earth’s ionosphere is discussed. It can most effectively be studied by means of ionospheric parameters recorded on ionograms obtained by vertical incidence sounding of the ionosphere. These measurements supply the longest ionospheric data series recorded by the greatest number of ionospheric stations. It has been found that in the F2 region long-term changes are due to geomagnetic activity and dynamical processes, from the 1970s effect of greenhouse gases is dominant [Mikhailov, A.V. Ionospheric long-term trends: can the geomagnetic control and the greenhouse hypothesis be reconciled? Ann. Geophys. 24, 2533–2541, 2006]. Spatial variation of hmF2 trends may be related to up- and downwelling at the neighbourhood of the boundary continent-sea. In the E and F1 regions, the sign of the foE, foF1 and h′E corrected trends, foF1 and foE increasing, h′E decreasing hint at greenhouse effect, which results in enhanced electron density and reduced height due to shrinking of the atmosphere as a consequence of cooling. Long-term changes in the lower ionosphere studied by LF phase height and ionospheric absorption measurements can be attributed to the effect of greenhouse gases [Bremer, J., Berger, U. Mesospheric temperature trends derived from ground-based LF phase-height observations at mid-latitudes: comparison with model simulations. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 64, 805–816, 2002].

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.


Seen <100 times

More articles like this

Long-term consequences of falanga torture--what do...

on Torture : quarterly journal on... 2009

Prenatal diagnosis: What do we know of long-term o...

on Journal of Pediatric Urology Jan 01, 2010

Long-term indwelling catheters: what do we know?.....

on Perspectives (Gerontological N... 1995
More articles like this..