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Mycothiol: synthesis, biosynthesis and biological functions of the major low molecular weight thiol in actinomycetes

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  • Biology
  • Chemistry


Actinomycetes produce mycothiol as their major low molecular weight thiol, which parallels the functions of glutathione found in prokaryotes and most Gram-negative bacteria. This review covers progress that has so far been made in terms of its distribution, biosynthesis and metabolic functions, as well as chemical syntheses of mycothiol and alternative substrates and inhibitors of mycothiol biosynthesis and mycothiol-dependent enzymes. 152 references are cited.

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