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The influence of aluminium availability on phosphate uptake inPhaseolus vulgarisL. andPhaseolus lunatusL.

Authors
Journal
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
0981-9428
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
47
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2008.09.009
Keywords
  • Aluminium
  • Fumaric Acid
  • Oxalic Acid
  • Phaseolus Vulgaris
  • Phaseolus Lunatus
  • Phosphorus Uptake

Abstract

Abstract Aluminium toxicity is one of the major limiting factors of crop productivity on acid soils. High levels of available aluminium in soil may induce phosphorus deficiency in plants. This study investigates the influence of Aluminium (Al) on the phosphate (P i) uptake of two Phaseolus species, Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. Red Kidney and Phaseolus lunatus L. The two bean species were treated first with solutions of Al at different concentrations (0, 25, 50 and 100 μM, pH 4.50) and second with solutions of P i (150 μM) at pH 4.50. The higher the Al concentration the higher the Al concentration sorbed but P. vulgaris L var. Red Kidney adsorbed significantly more Al than P. lunatus L. Both species released organic acids: P. vulgaris L var. Red Kidney released fumaric acid and P. lunatus L. fumaric and oxalic acids which could have hindered further Al uptake. The two bean species showed a sigmoid P i uptake trend but with two different mechanisms. P. vulgaris L var. Red Kidney showed a starting point of 3 h whereas P. lunatus L. adsorbed P i immediately within the first minutes. In addition, P. vulgaris L var. Red Kidney presented significantly higher P i uptake (higher uptake rate ‘ k’ and higher maximum adsorption ‘ a’ of the kinetic uptake model). The Al treatments did not significantly influence P i uptake. Results suggest that P. lunatus L. might adopt an external Al detoxification mechanism by the release of oxalic acid. P. vulgaris L var. Red Kidney on the other hand seemed to adopt an internal detoxification mechanism even if the Al sorbed is poorly translocated into the shoots. More detailed studies will be necessary to better define Al tolerance and/or resistance of Phaseolus spp.

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