Abstract We utilize a model of platelet concentration kinetics and bone marrow production based on three terms (a constant loss term, a random loss term and a higher order loss term) to compare a hypoplastic bone marrow patient and a patient with Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) for the same platelet concentration. We compare this model to published data and show that in many ITP patients there is an overall decrease in platelet production. However, for almost all cases of ITP there is an increase in peripheral platelet destruction, even in those cases where total bone marrow production is less than that in a normal individual or is severely depressed. We are able to graphically depict the variable contributions of decreased production and increased peripheral destruction in patients with ITP and hence give insight into their relative contributions in a given patient. We apply a unique feature of our model, the newly postulated destruction term proportional to the platelet concentration squared (the higher order loss term), to explain cases of antibody negative ITP. Application of our model to data on patients splenectomized as treatment for ITP shows promise in predicting which patients are likely to respond.