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Nutritional Supplements in the Surgical Patient

Authors
Journal
Surgical Clinics of North America
0039-6109
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
91
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.suc.2011.04.011
Keywords
  • Nutritional Supplements
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Surgical Patients
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • ω-3 Fatty Acids
  • Proteins
  • Amino Acids

Abstract

This article presents an overview of the current knowledge, status, and use of supplements by patients before surgical operations, together with the benefits expected of the supplements by the patients. The indications, potential advantages and disadvantages, and the relationships with various aspects of the preoperative preparation and postoperative management of surgical patients are discussed, with emphasis on the significant percentage of this population that is deficient in fundamental nutrients. Recent revisions and recommendations for some of the macronutrients are presented, together with a summary of federal regulations and an oversight of supplements.

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