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Calbindin D-28K and parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the frontal cortex in patients with frontal lobe dementia of non-Alzheimer type associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Authors
Journal
Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
0022-3050
Publisher
BMJ
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Esclerosi Lateral Amiotròfica
  • Lòbul Frontal
  • Demència
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Frontal Lobe
  • Dementia
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

The morphology and distribution of local-circuit neurons (interneurons) were examined, by calbindin D-28k and parvalbumin immunocytochemistry, in the frontal cortex (area 8) in two patients with frontal lobe dementia of non-Alzheimer type associated with classical amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and in seven normal cases. The density of calbindin D-28k immunoreactive cells was dramatically reduced in ALS patients, but the density of parvalbumin-immunoreactive neurons was preserved. Decreased density of calbindin D-28k-immunoreactive neurons, which are mainly located in the upper cortical layers, may interfere with the normal processing of cortico-cortical connections, whereas integrity of parvalbumin-immunoreactive cells may be associated with the preservation of the major inhibitory intracortical circuits in patients with frontal lobe dementia.

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