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POLA PENGELOLAAN AIR MINUM MENURUT KARAKTERISTIK WILAYAH, STATUS EKONOMI DAN SARANA AIR MINUM DI INDONESIA (DATA RISKESDAS 2007)

Authors
Publisher
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan
Publication Date
Disciplines
  • Economics
  • Medicine

Abstract

Unequal drinking water access and minimum rural people's of knowledge about clean and healthy behavior (PHBS) had contributed diarrhea and skin diseases prevalence. Therefore, the water service program needs to be adapted to the conditions of each region, supported with complete data. In this regard, this study was conducted aimed to assess the pattern on drinking water management in Indonesia, according to regional characteristics, economic status, and drinking-water facilities. The study was a cross sectional study by using Riskesdas 2007 data. The sample of study were all households sampled in Riskesdas 2007. The results showed that factors which influenced the pattern were regional characteristics, level of household expenditures, physical quality of drinking water, allocated time and distance to the source of water as well as the ease of getting drinking water. Households in urban areas were known to be more protective as compared to those in rural areas against pattern that was less well. The higher of household expenditures, has caused te lower risk. Finally, households which were difficult to get drinking water in the year and time allocation to get clean water was more than 30 minutes, would have risk of 1.807 times and 1,234 times to have less well pattern. Keywords: Drinking water facilities, economic status, pattern on drinking water management

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