Summary Tetrahymena pyriformis GL-I were synchronized by three different techniques and nucleoside phosphotransferase activity measured through the different cell cycles obtained. In cells that were starved and then refed, activity did not increase until 75 min after refeeding. This increase in activity occurred well before nuclear DNA synthesis and was not blocked by hydroxyurea. In cells synchronized by the induction technique of one heat shock per generation and the selection technique of differential density labelling, enzyme activity increased continuously over the cell cycle but did not double. However, during early logarithmic growth nucleoside phosphotransferase activity more than doubled over one cell cycle time while late in log growth phase less than a doubling was observed. Cycloheximide and mixed extract experiments suggest that the patterns of activity observed reflect the patterns of enzyme synthesis. These results are discussed with respect to the pattern of activity observed for thymidine kinase in other organisms.