Abstract The effects of angiotensin II and angiotensin III on mean arterial pressure, serum aldosterone, and serum corticosterone were studied in normal and sodium depleted, conscious rats. In normal rats, angiotensin III was 76% (p > 0.10) as potent as angiotensin II on aldosterone release but only 31% (p < 0.001) as potent on blood pressure. Following sodium depletion, the pressor responses to both angiotensin II and III were reduced (p < 0.001) (65% and 86% respectively). In addition, the release of aldosterone by both peptides was potentiated by sodium depletion as indicated by an increase in the slope of the dose-response curves. However, in the sodium depleted rats, angiotensin III was only 20% (p < 0.001) as potent as angiotensin II in stimulating aldosterone release. Small changes in serum corticosterone were noted following infusions of both peptides, but unlike the case with aldosterone, sodium depletion did not alter the serum corticosterone responses to the peptides. These in vivo experiments taken with in vitro studies support the interpretation that angiotensin III could function to control aldosterone release in altered sodium states either as a circulating hormone if present in concentrations far in excess of those of angiotensin II or as a local hormone formed in the adrenal from angiotensin II.