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Electro-deposition metallic tungsten coatings in a Na2WO4–WO3melt on copper based alloy substrate

Authors
Journal
Fusion Engineering and Design
0920-3796
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
87
Issue
11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2012.09.003
Keywords
  • Tungsten
  • Electrodeposited
  • Copper Alloy
  • Vickers Hardness
  • Thickness

Abstract

Abstract The tungsten coating was prepared by electro-deposition technique on copper alloy substrate in a Na2WO4–WO3 melt. The coating's surface and cross-section morphologies as well as its impurities were investigated by XPS, SEM and line analysis. Various plating durations were investigated in order to obtain an optimal coating's thickness. The results demonstrated that the electro-deposited coating was compact, voidless, crackless and free from impurities. The tungsten coating's maximum Vickers hardness was measured to be 520HV. The tungsten coating's minimum oxygen content was determined to be 0.018wt%. Its maximum thickness was measured to be 1043.67μm when the duration of electrolysis was set to 100h. The result of this study has demonstrated the feasibility of having thicker tungsten coatings on copper alloy substrates. These electrodeposited tungsten coatings can be potentially implemented as reliable armour for the medium heat flux plasma facing component (PFC).

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