Abstract Knowledge of deciduous crown formation times is useful in forensic anthropology and when aging juvenile remains from an archaeological context. Until now, histological techniques for calculating enamel formation times in deciduous teeth have been completely dependent on being able to visualise clear daily incremental markings. In the first part of this study we took twenty deciduous teeth where daily incremental markings were easily visible on both aspects of the crown and used these as the basis for generating regression equations to predict enamel formation times. We were then able to use these regression equations to calculate deciduous crown formation times in a further fifty deciduous teeth where it was not possible to see daily increments. We present here new data for deciduous crown formation times based on these regression equations. In the second part of this study these regression formulae were applied blind to teeth from two individuals with known medical histories. The formulae were able to successfully determine the times of prenatal and postnatal enamel formation relative to the neonatal line and also to correctly estimate the ages at which accentuated ‘stress lines’ occurred during the period of deciduous crown formation.