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다문화사회에서 사회 통합수단으로서 스포츠, 그 가능성과 한계: 독일의 사례를 중심으로

Publication Date
Keywords
  • 다문화사회
  • 스포츠
  • 사회통합
  • 독일스포츠
  • 스포츠를 통한 통합

Abstract

The question of the possibilities and limitations of the integrative policy by means of sport in the multi-cultural societies, focused on Germany, is at the center of the following considerations. Under promotional slogans such as sport unites and sport speaks all languages, sport is seen, since the 1980's, by both politicians and sport organizations in Germany as an ideal vehicle for the social integration of foreign fellow-citizens. The theoretical basis of the "integration through sport" campaigns is the assumption that a shared sport experience of Germans and migrants is better suited than other means to overcome ethnic-cultural barriers which tend to trigger, within the context of an ill-conceived migration policy, xenophobia and racism. However, pertinent research unveils this optimism as deceptive, especially since the integration concept pursued by the sport organisations is assimilative, I. e. it expects the migrants to adopt one-sidedly the German cultural (sport) patterns at the expense of their own culture of origin. In the contrast with this concept of integration has the interactive integration many advantages for the multi-cultural policy. The concept of the interactive integration has reflected in the integrative program through sport.

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