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Response properties of wind-sensitive giant interneurons in the fourth-instar nymphs of the cricket,Gryllus bimaculatus

Authors
Publisher
Elsevier Inc.
Publication Date
Volume
142
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpb.2005.04.021
Keywords
  • Air-Current Stimuli
  • Cercal Filiform Hair
  • Directional Sensitivity
  • Escape Behavior
  • Giant Interneuron
  • Intensity–Response Relation
  • Nymphal Cricket
  • Postembryonic Development
Disciplines
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract The response properties of four wind-sensitive giant interneurons (GIs) 8-1, 9-1, 9-2 and 9-3 in the fourth-instar nymphs of the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus were investigated to clarify the differences and/or similarities of the escape eliciting neural system between nymphs and adults. Air current was presented to the animal from 12 different directions in the horizontal plane, and the intensity–response curves for each GI were obtained at each stimulus direction. The intensity–response curves showed that the response magnitudes of GI 8-1 in the fourth-instar crickets increased with stimulus velocity up to 300 mm/s regardless of the stimulus direction. The response magnitudes of GI 9-1 in the nymphs reached a plateau at a stimulus velocity of 30 mm/s in most stimulus directions. The response magnitudes of GIs 9-2 and 9-3 increased with stimulus velocity up to 300 mm/s regardless of the stimulus direction. The directional sensitivity curves plotted on the basis of threshold velocities revealed that the preferential directions of the GIs were the ipsilateral-side in GI 8-1, the ipsilateral-front and contralateral-rear in GI 9-1, the ipsilateral-rear in GI 9-2 and the ipsilateral-front in GI 9-3, designated with respect to the side of the ventral nerve cord containing the axons. Although the GIs in nymphs occasionally showed higher threshold velocities and larger response magnitudes, the directional sensitivities, i.e., the preferred directions, of the GIs were basically the same with those of adults.

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