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Cardiac functional stress imaging: A sequential approach with stress echo and cardiovascular magnetic resonance

Authors
Journal
Cardiovascular Ultrasound
1476-7120
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Volume
5
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/1476-7120-5-47
Keywords
  • Research
Disciplines
  • Computer Science
  • Medicine
  • Musicology
  • Physics

Abstract

Aims The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of an integrated stress imaging algorithm with echo first and second-line Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) in selected cases. Stress echo (SE) is widely used for non-invasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), but difficult patients and ambiguous responses may be met even with top-level technology and expertise. CMR might ideally complement SE in well-selected cases with unfeasible and/or ambiguous and/or submaximal results. Methods and results 152 in-hospital patients with chest pain and normal baseline function were referred for SE and coronary angiography. Of the initial population, 33 were shunted to CMR due to poor acoustic window or ambiguous or submaximal SE test. The only criterion of positivity for both techniques was the presence of regional wall motion abnormalities in at least 2 contiguous segments. Coronary angiography was performed independently of test results. Significant CAD was identified by a >50% quantitatively assessed diameter reduction in at least 1 major coronary vessel. CAD was present in 88 patients. Interpretable and diagnostic stress test were obtained in 143 patients with the sequential algorithm. The sequential (SE in 110 + CMR in 33 patients) algorithm showed a sensitivity of 76% (95% CI 66% to 85%) specificity of 87% (95% CI 76% to 95%) and accuracy of 80% (95% CI 73% to 86%). Conclusion A sequential functional stress imaging algorithm with stress echo first and stress CMR in selected cases is feasible, clinically realistic and allows an efficient, radiation-free diagnosis of CAD.

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