Was Vichy libéral ? The meaning of the Flandin intermezzo, Olivier Wieviorka. Did Pierre-Etienne Flandin, Vichy's Foreign Affairs minister from 13 December 1940 to 10 February 1941, after the dismissal of Laval and the arrival of Darlan, have the time and the desire to deal a liberal card ? Could the regime resist the Germans after the Montoire meeting ? Archives in hand, the author concludes on these issues hotly debated by historians, from R. Paxton to M. Cointet, that a " double game " was impossible and points out that Flandin did not try to transform the nature of a State of which he expected only that it would save his personal strategy.