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Some statistics of freezing precipitation and rime for the territory of the former USSR from ground-based weather observations

Atmospheric Research
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2005.10.011
  • Ussr Climatology
  • Freezing Precipitation
  • Ground-Based Weather Observations
  • Earth Science


Abstract This work is a continuation of the previous climatological study of freezing precipitation and rime over the USSR territory [ Bezrukova, N.A., Minina, L.S., Naumov, A.Ya., 2000. Freezing precipitation climatology in the former European USSR. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation, pp.737-739, Reno, Nevada, USA, 14-18 August 2000; Bezrukova, N.A., Jeck, R.K., Minina, L.S., Khalili, M.F., Stulov, E.A., 2004. 10-year Statistics on Freezing Precipitation across the former USSR from surface weather observations. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation, pp.731-734, Bologna, Italy, 19-23 August 2004.] aimed at creating an atlas of the frequency of these phenomena. This study gives considerable information about and a statistical analysis of freezing precipitation and rime events observed over the territory of the former USSR during a decade (1981–1990) and over the European territory of the USSR during two decades (1971–1990). This paper intends to draw the attention of the reader to the atlas and statistics by showing some interesting points. The authors used the data provided by the ground-based weather stations involved in the international exchange of meteorological data. The USSR network's Monthly Meteorological Tables (1971–1990) [Monthly Meteorological Tables, 1971–1990. Part 1, Novosibirsk-Obninsk. (in Russian).] comprising selected daily ground-based meteorological observations from more than 220 stations served as a basis for the analysis. All the types of freezing precipitation (FP) events were given as WMO Codes 56, 57, 66, 67, 24 and freezing fog (FF) deposited rime as WMO Codes 48, 49. The entire territory was divided into six major regions: the Arctic, the European part of the USSR, the Trans-Caucasus, Central Asia, Siberia, and the Far East. The frequency and distribution of events by regions versus temperature, atmospheric pressure, clouds base height, and some other meteorological parameters concerned were obtained. Climatic maps of annual mean, monthly mean, and seasonal mean occurrences of FP and FF were constructed for these regions. The study also analyzes the space–time variability of monthly mean ice-coating duration in hours for the 20-year period of 1971–1990 as observed at over 80 stations in the European part of the USSR (ET), and climatic maps of annual mean and monthly mean ice coating duration for the ET are constructed. The correlation between ice coating duration and height has been evaluated.

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