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Databases and Bioinformatics Tools for the Study of DNA Repair

Authors
Journal
Molecular Biology International
2090-2182
Publisher
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Publication Date
Volume
2011
Identifiers
DOI: 10.4061/2011/475718
Keywords
  • Review Article
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Ecology
  • Geography
  • Medicine

Abstract

DNA is continuously exposed to many different damaging agents such as environmental chemicals, UV light, ionizing radiation, and reactive cellular metabolites. DNA lesions can result in different phenotypical consequences ranging from a number of diseases, including cancer, to cellular malfunction, cell death, or aging. To counteract the deleterious effects of DNA damage, cells have developed various repair systems, including biochemical pathways responsible for the removal of single-strand lesions such as base excision repair (BER) and nucleotide excision repair (NER) or specialized polymerases temporarily taking over lesion-arrested DNA polymerases during the S phase in translesion synthesis (TLS). There are also other mechanisms of DNA repair such as homologous recombination repair (HRR), nonhomologous end-joining repair (NHEJ), or DNA damage response system (DDR). This paper reviews bioinformatics resources specialized in disseminating information about DNA repair pathways, proteins involved in repair mechanisms, damaging agents, and DNA lesions.

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