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Essays on Islamic philosophy and science

Medical History
Cambridge University Press
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  • Book Reviews
  • History
  • Medicine


Book Reviews health rules are reminiscent of the Regimen sanitatis Salerni. Some of the material was borrowed, such as proverbs from Dryden, Pope, La Rochefoucauld and Rabelais. Franklin continually added and revised, and some of his statements found their way into common American parlance. The last number (1758) contained a series of adages entitled 'The way to wealth' and this appeared even in Chinese, Russian and Welsh. As a reflection of the popular needs of mid-eighteenth-century America, Britain and France, Franklin's almanacks are important social documents of general and particular knowledge. Their reproduction in the present form, which first appeared in 1964, is, therefore, welcome, although the much-acclaimed coloured plates in this edition are not especially attractive. IAN B. COWAN and DAVID E. EASSON, Medieval religious houses in Scotland with an appendix on the houses in the Isle of Man, 2nd ed., London, Longman, 1976, 8vo, pp. xxviii, 246, 3 11., four maps, [no price stated]. The first edition ofthis excellent book appeared in 1957. The second is not, however, a mere reprint with corrections, for the surviving author, Dr. Cowan of Glasgow, has included a good deal of additional material and has thoroughly revised throughout. It now provides the scholar with an even more comprehensive survey of Scottish religious foundations from the introduction of Christianity to 1560. After essays on the historiography of the subject and 'The development of monasti- cism in Scotland', the rest of the book comprises lists of the houses divided by orders, and with a mass of information about each, fully documented. There is a brief section on 'The Knights Hospitallers' (pp. 160-161) and a longer one on 'Hospitals' (pp. 162-200) which lists all known institutions taking care of the poor and sick, the traveller, etc. The monastic establishments, also listed, are of equal importance to the historian of medicine in view of the role of the church in medieval medicine. This scholarly work can, like

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