Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Behavioural and electrophysiological measures of task switching during single and mixed-task conditions

Authors
Journal
Biological Psychology
0301-0511
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
72
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2005.11.009
Keywords
  • Task Switching
  • Switch Costs
  • Working Memory
  • Preparation
  • Event-Related Brain Potentials
  • P300
  • Negative Slow Wave
Disciplines
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract In order to understand how the brain prepares for and executes a switch in task demand, we measured reaction time (RT), accuracy, and event-related brain potentials associated with performance in single and mixed-task blocks using a cued design. Our results show that trials which repeat in a mixed-task block (repeat trials) were more demanding than trials which repeated in a single-task block, as reflected by the presence of a RT mixing cost and by the presence of a smaller target-locked positivity (P3b) on repeat trials. Within a mixed-task block, repeat and switch trials also differed, where repeat trials showed evidence of greater preparation (larger cue-locked negativity), more efficient target processing (larger target-locked P3b), and shorter RTs. In addition, the cue-locked negativity difference remained despite equating repeat and switch trials on RT, suggesting that this negativity difference is specific to the switching process. Our results are discussed in light of existing models of task switching.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.