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HIV-AIDS Course, Chapter 7 - Condoms and Controversy

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Disciplines
  • Education
  • Medicine
  • Psychology

Abstract

Connexions module: m13337 1 HIV-AIDS Course, Chapter 7 - Condoms and Controversy ∗ Fred Mednick This work is produced by The Connexions Project and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License † Figure 1: Teachers in Dhaka ∗ Version 1.3: Mar 17, 2006 12:36 pm US/Central † http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ http://cnx.org/content/m13337/1.3/ Connexions module: m13337 2 1 Research on Condom Use Condom use is often seen as a tipping point in the success of HIV-AIDS education and prevention. This section describes the literature on the effectiveness of condoms in the prevention of HIV and AIDS. Here are the facts, to date: Consistent condom use is the most effective way to reduce exposure to HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases among sexually-active individuals. Two major, international health agencies (World Health Organi- zation and UNAIDS) are standing by recommendations for condom use as a means to prevent transmission of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted disease (STDs). There are no marketed microbicides or vaccines (with the exception of the Hepatitis B vaccine) for the prevention of sexually-transmitted diseases. Latex condoms have demonstrated significant protection against diseases transmitted via penile-vaginal intercourse. STDs studied are: HIV infection, gonorrhea,chlamydial infection, [including gonococcal and chlamydial pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)], syphilis, chancroid, trichomoniasis, genital herpes caused by herpes simplex viruses (HSV)1 and 2, and genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV diseases. 2 Resistence to Condom Use One of the most controversial issues in prevention education is the varying responses towards use of condoms. The body of literature on the subject points to cultural and religious taboos; psychological implications (such as illusions of safety); views about condom effectiveness; increased risk behaviors correlating to promising research on treatm

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