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Small Scale Fisheries of Malawi : An Outline of Lake Malombe Fisheries

Authors
Publisher
愛媛大学農学部
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Small-Scale Fisheries
  • Co-Management
  • Beach Village Committee
  • 600
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Economics

Abstract

?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????? ??? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????? ???? 1. Introduction Fishing is the traditional occupation for most of the rural communities along the lakes and rivers in Malawi. Fisheries have been an integral part of the life of the people of Malawi and play a very significant role in the national economy as well as food security of many households. Over 70% of animal protein consumed comes from fish and contributes about 4% to Gross Domestic Product (Njaya, 1998). The fisheries sector in Malawi has two main groups namely; small scale fisheries and large scale fisheries. The small scale usually use traditional methods but contribute over 85% of the total fish catch and constitute 90% of the fishers (Fisheries Department, 2004). Fisheries activities in Malawi are not only concentrated around Lake Malawi but also takes place in lakes Malombe, Chiuta, Chilwa and the Shire River. In order to develop a robust fisheries management system, it is important to understand the fishery of a particular water bodies as well as the socio-economic background of its fishers when putting a management system in place (Pomeroy, 1995). Therefore this paper outlines the fisheries of Lake Malombe focusing mainly on the production trends, targeted species, gears used, socio- economic background of the fishers and the management system in place. 2. Study Area Lake Malombe lies between latitude 14?21?to 14?45? south and longitudes 35?10? to 35?20? East in the southern district of Mangochi. It is part of the Great Rift Valley system. It is the third largest lake in Malawi. The lake is 30 km in length and 15 km in width with

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