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Fixed-dose rate gemcitabine in elderly patients with advanced pancreatic cancer: An observational study

Authors
Journal
Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology
1040-8428
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
68
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2008.06.010
Keywords
  • Pancreas Cancer
  • Elderly
  • Gemcitabine
  • Prospective Study
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Pancreatic cancer represents one of the most lethal cancers and treatment of advanced disease remains palliative. Age-related physiologic changes can increase chemotherapy's toxicity but the use of gemcitabine in elderly patients has not been properly evaluated. This observational prospective study evaluated patients aged 70 years and over, receiving gemcitabine for an advanced pancreatic carcinoma. Gemcitabine was delivered according to the usual fixed-dose rate schedule (1000 mg/(m 2 week) over 100 min, every week, 3 weeks over 4). Thirty-nine patients (median age 74) were treated between November 1999 and August 2004. Twenty-three patients (59%) received 100% of the planned dose-intensity. Grade 3–4 toxicities were neutropenia (38% of patients), thrombocytopenia (28%), anemia (18%) and alopecia (18%). Four partial responses (10%) and 13 stabilizations (33%) were observed. Eight patients (20%) experienced clinical benefit. The median progression free and overall survivals were 7 and 10 months, respectively. Gemcitabine can be administered in selected elderly patients.

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